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14年专升本解题技巧

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2014年专升本解题技巧

词汇与语法选择题

1?解题步骤:

1)大致浏览所给四个选项和句子,迅速判断该题是语法题还是词汇题。如果是语法题要通过一些标志词来判断该题涉及哪些语法内容。再进一步回想该语法内容的要点。如果是词汇题就要先看一下所给四个选项的词是否都认识。

2)?在第一遍的大致浏览过程中有些题很容易就可以选出肯定的答案,情况会因人而异,有的人会做的题多有的人会做的题少。然后再从头开始仔细看没有选出答案的题。遵循先语法后语义的原则解题。

3)利用暗示进行选择:注意考题设计的语境范围。平时应注重对习惯用语表达、惯用法和中英文化差别等方面知识的积累。

4)对于词汇题可以较多运用排除法:可采取语言排除、逻辑排除、语法排除或选择排除等方法。先排除掉较容易、较明显的错误选项,缩小范围,而后对剩余的选项进行比较分析,最后确定答案。

2.做题时要注意以下几个方面:

1)不要见句子就翻译,?有些题通过语法原则就能解决,只有有必要通过语意来判断时才需要翻译。

2)先易后难:一些考题的答案比较容易选定,可以先从这些考题入手。平时练习时,应以基础为主,主要精力不应放在偏题、怪题上。

3)注意考试时间的分配,对不会做的题目不要恋战,尽量把时间放在后面分值较高的题上。

4)在选定答案时要根据每题的实际情况进行综合的分析判断,先排除较容易、较明显的错误选项,缩小范围,而后对剩余的选项进行比较分析,最后确定答案。

5)对于进过分析判断得出的答案不要反复进行检查。要相信自己的直觉和判断,即使有机会也不要和别人核对答案。

  II.Vocabulary?and?Structure(15?points)

  Directions:There?are?15?incomplete?sentences?in?this?section.For?each?sentence?there?are?four?choices?marked?A,B,C?and?D.Choose?one?answer?that?best?completes?the?sentence?and?blacken?the?corresponding?letter?on?the?Answer?Sheet.

 6.We?traveled?on?the?6:45?a.m.train?to?Boston,____arrived?at?8:30?p.m.

  A.that????B.which????C.it????D.what

 7.The?boys?spent?the?whole?morning?____possible?answers?to?the?question.

  A.discuss????B.to?discuss????C.discussing????D.discussed

 8.It's?a?pity?that?some?of?the?people?____cannot?come?to?the?party.

  A.inviting????B.invited????C.to?invite????D.were?invited

 9.It?was____?matter?that?I?had?no?choice?but?to?talk?it?over?with?my?parents.

  A.a?such?serious????B.a?so?serious????C.such?serious?a????D.SO?serious?a

 10.Jane?isn’?t?feeling?well?today.I?dare?not?do____?to?upset?her.

  A.anything????B.something????C.nothing????D.a?thing

 11.More?and?more?families?have?moved?elsewhere?because?they?cannot____the?noise?from?the?neighboring?airport.

  A.come?up?with????B.put?up?with????C.catch?up?with????D.keep?up?with

  12.Walk?another?block?and?cross?the?traffic?lights,you?will?see?the?museum?right____the?left.

  A.by????B.in????C.on????D.for

  13.The?Internet?users?visiting?our?website?are____young?people?between?the?age?of?13?and??????20.

  A.most????B.almost????C.mostly????D.at?most

  14.No?culture?exists?in____.It?all?comes?from?someplace.Ancient?customs?were?modem?one?time.

  A.vacuum????B.emptiness????C.blank????D.space

  15.There?are?several?means?of?mass?communication.The?newspaper?is'?one.Television?is____.

  A.the?Other????B.the?another????C.other????D.another

  16.____the?government?agrees?to?give?extra?money,?the?theatre?will?have?to?be?closed?next?month.

  A.Unless??B.If???C.Since???D.As

  17.It?is?important?to____?our?awareness?about?environmental?protection.

  A.improve????B.make????C.form????D.raise(唤起,?提高)

  18.Seldom____?any?mistakes?during?my?past?five?years?of?service?in?the?company.

  A.I?did?make????B.I?would?make????C.did?I?make????D.would?I?make

  19.I____?raw?fish,but?I’?d?like?to?try?it?one?day.

  A.never?eat????B.never?ate????C.was?never?eating????D.have?never?eaten

  20.Interestingly,many?people?hold?the?belief?that?imports?are____?to?domestic?goods.

  A.contrary????B.relevant????C.superior????D.essential

完形填空p74-78

专升本的完形填空共有15道小题,每小题2分,共三十分。

完形填空是单句选择填空和篇章阅读的结合体,因此在解题时要既考虑单个的选项又要考虑整体篇章的意义。因为多了上下文的信息所以完型填空的难度应小于第二部分的题型词汇与语法的选择填空。完形填空题的考察重点和第二部分单选题大同小异,所不同的是增加了整篇阅读的综合分析和判断,完形填空题的选择项可能是名词,动词,形容词,介词,副词或连词等词汇题,也可能是动词非谓语的变化或动词的时态语态等语法题。?除了扎实的语法基础和词汇基础外,还要求考生有良好的语感以及对各选项的综合分析判断能力。

一、完形填空解题步骤

一)通读全篇?了解篇章结构和大意

做完形填空题答案的关键在于准确理解短文的大意,要做到这一点,就要分清文章的主题与行文结构,文章如果是说明文和议论文往往开门见山的提出主题,然后逐点说明或评论,最后小结,所以做题前应浏览全篇,重点是首尾段,以及每段首尾;如果是记叙文则要了解文章大意和梗概,弄清人物、时间、地点和事件等要素,并领悟作者的观点和态度等。

二)详读全篇,根据各种综合信息预测填空的单词

在掌握文章大意的基础上根据上下文提供的搭配,结构,语意等线索来预测答案,要着眼空格所在的完整句子,瞻前顾后.必要时用铅笔先在卷上做上标记,比如此空可能是某个词性或词义乃至可能是某个词。重点解决与结构搭配有关的问题。,如果有些填空一时难以作出判断,不要恋战而是继续往下进行,往往进行到下文,前面的填空的信息就会出现或者有了一些有用的线索。?

三)将预测答案和所给的四个选项进行比对,找出重叠率最高的选项

四)?复读全文核对答案?做到语句通顺?句意完整?

所有填空选项选择完毕后要通读“完形”后的全文,把自己所选的答案放入原文的空缺处核查能否使文章联贯语法正确,如果你发现你所选的某个答案,放在句中读起来很别扭,那么你的语感在提醒你,对此答案要三思。

二、解题方法

一)词与词组搭配(P74-75)

二)上下文提示(P75-76)

三)逻辑推理(P77-78)

三、解题注意事项

1.?切勿拿题就做,不看全文。

2.?注意通篇文章的关联度,切勿把每个填空割裂开来做。

3.?切勿把时间和精力消耗在翻译文章上,遇到不认识的词和不明白的句子除非是影响到填空选项的选择,否则可以放在一边。

 Ⅲ.Cloze(30?points)

  Directions:For?each?blank?in?the?following?passage,there?are?four?choices?marked?A,B,C?and?D.?Choose?the?one?that?is?most?suitable?and?mark?your?answer?by?blackening?the?corresponding?letter?on?the?Answer?Sheet.

  Every?woman?dreams?of?receiving?a?huge?priceless?diamond.Now?space?scientists?21____?that?they?have?discovered?the?largest?diamond?in?the?universe.But?it’s?well?22____?the?reach?of?the?most?loves?truck?men?because?it's?50?light?years?away,?to?be?23____.

  Measuring?2,500?miles?across?and?weighing?five?million?trillion??pounds,the?rock?Was?found?on?Valentine’?s?Day?24____?in?the?core?of?a?white?dwarf?star,?and?it?has?excited?the?25____?world.

  “It’s?the?mother?of?all?diamonds,”said?Travis?Metcalfe,26____?led?the?team?of?researchers?at?the?Harvard-Smithsonian?Centre,“and?you?would?need?a?jeweler’S?loupe(专用放大镜),the?size?of?the?Sun,to?27____?this?diamond.”

  The?largest?diamond?28____?on?earth?was?the?3,106-carat(克拉)Cullinan.It?Was?cut?29____?nine?major?stones,including?the?530-carat?Star?of?Africa,now?a?part?of?the?Crown?Jewels.Diamonds?were?30____?discovered?in?India?more?than?2,800?years?ago.The?Ancient?Romans?31____?that?the?stones?were?broken?pieces?of?stars?that?had?32____?to?earth.In?Ancient?Egypt,diamonds?were?used?in?funerals.?In?the?Middle?Ages,men?33____?them?to?symbolize?their?courage?and?strength.The?34____?of?giving?them?as?presents?dates?from?1477,35____?Maximilian,the?prince?of?Austria,?gave?a?diamond?ring?to?Mary?of?Burgundy.DCAAB?AADBA?BADBD)

  21.A.admit????B.tell????C.explore????D.reveal

  22.A.under????B.over????C.beyond????D.within

  23.A.precise????B.certain????C.clear????D.correct

  24.A.buried????B.blocked????C.built????D.blended

  25.A.physical????B.scientific????C.material????D.natural

  26.A.who????B.which????C.that????D.he

  27.A.measure????B.register????C.grade????D.weigh

  28.A.cultivated????B.drawn????C.caught????D.found

  29.A.from????B.into????C.by????D.with

  30.A.first????B.last????C.finally????D.newly

  31.A.questioned????B.believed????C.suspected????D.confirmed

  32.A.fallen????B.dived????C.left????D.burned

  33.A.decorated????B.viewed????C.took????D.wore

34.A.practice????B.tradition????C.habit????D.culture

35.A.what????B.while????C.that????D.when

第四章?阅读理解(P89-140)

阅读理解题主要测考生把握文章主题思想和大意的能力,对文章中的重要情节和主要事实的理解程度,对文章的格调、作者的观点态度等的推理判断能力。专升本的阅读理解部分由5篇短文构成?每篇短文的平均长度为300词左右,5篇短文共20个小题,每小题3分共60分,阅读理解题的短文是一般性的社会,文化,经济,科普,和日常生活等等方面的内容。丰富的课外知识有时也有意外的帮助作用,文章的体裁包括记叙文、议论文、说明文和应用文等。这部分是整个考试占分比例最高的部分,占总成绩的40%,是复习的重点。

一、阅读理解解题步骤

一)迅速浏览文章,判断文章题材,抓住主题。

记叙文通常段落比较零散,会反复出现一些人名地名等专有名词,标点符号也不限于逗号句号,有时会出现很多双引号的引语句子,?在阅读的最初几秒就应做出判断。要找出文章的四要素,人物、时间、地点,重点抓住故事情节;议论文和说明文偏重首段尾段侧重首尾句,因为这些部分往往是作者所要谈及的论点,主题或中心思想,抓住了主干,那么细节问题就会迎刃而解了。

二)认真阅读问题,带着问题重新阅读文章,重点阅读与问题有关的部分,无关的部分可以跳过。最好将与问题相关的句子做出标记。

三)?回到问题,把所给的四个选项和做出标记的句子进行比对,通过综合的推理分析和判断选出答案。

一)篇章细节判断(P92-93)

在考试中数量最多,也是最容易得分的部分,主要使用对词法。

1.?填空型细节判断

以综合练习(P103-125)为例

第一组:第2、5、6、14小题

第二组:第5、10、15、17、18、19、20小题

第三组:第2、3、6、9、10、11、14、15、19、20小题

第四组:第4、7、10、18、19、20小题

第五组:第2、6、10、14、16、18小题

2.?问题型细节判断

以综合练习(P103-125)为例

第一组:第7、15、19小题

第二组:第1、2、3、4、7小题

第三组:第4、7、16小题

第四组:第2、13小题

二)推断引申(P94-96)

答案不能直接从原文中找出,对逻辑思维综合分析判断能力要求较高,主要使用对比法和排除法。

以综合练习(P103-125)为例

第一组:第10、11、12、15、17小题

第二组:第8、16、小题

第三组:第3、6、8、18、19小题

第四组:第4、8、12、14、15、19、小题

第五组:第3、4、7、8、11、15、16、18、19小题

三)词意判断(P89-92)

最明显的标记是问题的题干中有一个词是用双引号或下划线标注的。在此主要判断该词在本文中的实际意义,而不一定是单词的本意。主要解题方法有:根据构词法;根据上下文;排除法。

以综合练习(P103-125)为例

第一组:第9、16小题

第二组:第14小题

第三组:第1、5、9、13、20小题

第四组:第1、6、11、20小题

第五组:第1、12、20小题

四)篇章理解,主旨大意判断(P96-98)

一段里只会出现一道这样的题,难度最高,很不容易得分。要反复阅读文章的开头段和结尾段,找出全文的关键句;?所选的选项一定要包括文章中重复最多的词或词组,如果两个以上选项都包括再进一步进行对比排除。主要使用排除法。

以综合练习(P102-124)为例

第一组:第1、8、13小题

第二组:第9小题

第三组:第12、17小题

第四组:第3、5、9、16、17、小题

第五组:第5、13、17小题

三.?注意事项

1)?一定不要逐字逐句翻译文章,这是效率最低的答题方法,有些问题用这种方法反而容易答错,因为抓不住主题。

2)?不要主观臆断,以自己的观念或理解答题,要以文章中出现的事实为根据。

3)?遇到一时找不到答案的问题先放在一边,等全部做完再回头做,有时前面的题要等后面的题做完才看到答案。

4)?分不同情况对待生词。与问题关系密切的单词必须运用各种方法对生词进行猜测,与问题无关的生词可以忽略不计;在句子中做主要成分的词要猜,定语状语可以忽略。

?

IV.Reading?Comprehension(60?points)

  Directions:There?are?five?reading?passages?in?this?part.Each?passage?is?followed?by?four?questions.For?each?question?there?are?four?suggested?answers?marked?A,B,C?and?D.Choose?one?best?answer?and?blacken?the?corresponding?letter?on?the?Answer?Sheet.

  Passage?One

  Before?the?conference?began,a?Japanese?businessman?was?introduced?to?an?American?businessman?at?the?lounge.The?Japanese?businessman,arms?extending?downwards?from?his?shoulders,bowed?from?his?waist?toward?the?American?businessman?to?whom?he?was?just?introduced.His?eyes?were?directed?ahead,his?face?showed?no?particular?expression.

  The?American?businessman?stood?straight.His?eyes?focused?on?the?Japanese?man’S?eyes.He?smiled?and?put?out?his?right?hand.

  Both?men?smiled?briefly?in?embarrassment.The?Japanese?man?straightened?up?and?put?out?his?right?hand.The?American?withdrew?his?hand?and?bowed?his?head.A?broader?smile?of?embarrassment.and?some?noise?from?each?man-not?really?words,just?some?sounds?from?their?throats-indicating?discomfort.They?were?in?the?course?of?a?conflict?of?customs;they?had?different?habits?for?greeting?people?they?were?being?introduced?to.

  When?people?are?planning?to?go?to?another?country,they?expect?to?encounter?certain?kinds?of?differences.They?usually?expect?the?weather?and?the?food?to?be?different.They?expect?to?find?differences?in?some?of?the?material?aspects?of?life,such?as?the?availability?of?cars,electricity,and?home?heating?systems.And,without?knowing?the?details,they?expect?differences?in?customs.Customs?are?the?behaviors?that?are?generally?expected?in?specific?situations.American?men,for?example,shake?hands?with?each?other?when?first?introduced?while?Japanese?men?bow.

  36.When?introduced?to?the?Japanese?businessman,the?American?businessman?put?Out?his?right?hand?because____.

  A.he?felt?a?little?bit?nervous

  B.he?wanted?to?express?his?discomfort

  C.he?felt?a?little?offended?by?the?Japanese?man

  D.he?wanted?to?shake?hands?with?the?Japanese?man

  37.The?two?businessmen?behaved?differently?because____.

  A.they?followed?their?own?greeting?customs

  B.they?were?not?used?to?the?strange?atmosphere

  C.they?couldn’t?speak?each?other’?S?language

  D.they?had?never?met?each?other?before

  38.Paragraph?4?tells?us?that?when?visiting?a?foreign?country,____.

  A.it?is?very?uncommon?for?one?to?encounter?embarrassing?situations

  B.it?is?hard?for?one?to?adapt?to?the?material?aspects?of?life?there

  C.people?often?expect?tO?meet?differences?in?customs

  D.people?expect?the?same?kind?of?food?and?weather

  39.This?passage?is?mainly?about____.

  A.cultural?invasion????B.the?understanding?of?customs

  C.business?talks????D.differences?in?handshakes

  Passage?Two

  Mr.Leonard,the?principal?of?the?Bedford?Academy?High?School?in?Bedford-Stuyvesant,Brooklyn,is?a?man?of?many?solutions,many?of?them?creative,many?of?them,apparently,?also?effective.In?New?York?City,?only?about?50?percent?of?students?manage?to?graduate?in?four?years.At?Bedford?Academy?63?percent?of?the?students?qualify?for?free?lunch,a?majority?of?which?are?being?raised?by?a?single?mother?and?another?significant?number?are?being?raised?by?someone?other?than?a?parent.Yet?close?to?95?percent?of?students?graduate,and?actually?every?one?of?those?goes?on?to?college.

  Mr.Leonard?does?not?achieve?those?results?by?admitting?only?high-testing?students?into?his?school.Of?the?students?arriving?with?lower?test?scores,Mr.Leonard?says?that?he?is?not?looking?for?the?students?with?the?highest?grades,or?even?the?best?behavior.He’?S?looking?for?the?ones?who?understand?his?basic?mission?of?discipline?and?respect,and?are?willing?to?devote?themselves?to?his?regular?training?course.

  The?Bedford?Academy?High?School?is?famous?for?its?autonomy.For?Mr.Leonard,autonomy?means?insisting?that?all?entering?students?spend?their?Saturday?mornings?in?preparatory?classes?the?summer?before?they?enroll.Autonomy?also?means?an?automatic?weeklong?suspension?for?any?student?who?“disrespects?a?female,”said?Mr.Leonard.It?means?requiring?struggling?students,in?the?weeks?before?the?Regents?exams,to?attend?studying?sessions?on?Saturday?from?9?a.m.until?9?p.m.It?means?the?most?senior,?experienced?teachers,including?Mr.Leonard,teach?not?the?school’S?academic?jewels,but?the?most?struggling?students.

  And?autonomy?also?means?the?school’?S?teachers?administer?almost?no?homework.Instead?they?emphasize?after-school?tutoring?where?the?teachers?Can?keep?a?better?eye?on?whether?the?student?is?actually?grasping?the?material.

  40.In?Mr.Leonard’S?school,most?ofthe?students?who?don’t?have?to?pay?for?lunch____.

  A.are?adopted?children????B.are?parentless

  C.are?homeless????????????D.have?a?single?parent

  41.What?can?be?a?good?indication?of?the?Bedford?School’?s?success?

  A.63?percent?of?its?students?go?on?to?college.

  B.A?high?percentage?of?students?enjoy?free?lunch.

  C.All?the?graduates?from?the?school?go?on?to?college.

  D.The?number?of?its?graduates?is?twice?that?of?New?York?High?School

  42.What?does?Mr.Leonard?expect?from?those?low-testing?students?

  A.The?highest?scores.????B.The?best?behaviour.

  C.Respectfulness?and?discipline.????D.Willingness?to?learn?by?themselves.

  43.The?school?insists?that?students?should____.

  A.leave?the?school?if?they?fail?to?respect?a?woman

  B.attend?the?preparatory?classes?in?the?summer?before?enrolling

  C.do?their?homework?to?review?what?they?have?learned

  D.come?to?the?school?on?Sundays

 Passage?Three

  People?joke?that?no?one?in?Los?Angeles?reads;everyone?watches?TV,?rents?videos,or?goes?to?the?movies.The?most?popular?reading?material?is?comic?books,movie?magazines,and?TV?guide?s.City?libraries?have?only?10?percent?of?the?traffic?that?car?washes?have.But?how?do?you?explain?this??An?annual?book?festival?in?west?Los?Angeles?is?flourishing?year?after?year.People?wait?half?an?hour?for?a?parking?space?to?become?available.

  This?outdoor?festival,sponsored?by?a?newspaper,occurs?every?April?for?one?weekend.?This?year’?s?attendance?was?estimated?at?70,000?on?Saturday?and?75,000?on?Sunday.The?festival?consisted?of?280?exhibitors.There?were?about?90?talks?given?by?authors,with?an?audience?question-and-answer?period?foilowing?each?talk.Autograph(亲笔签名)seekers?sought?out?more?than?150?authors.A?food?court?sold?all?kinds?of?popular?food?and?diverse?foreign?foods,from?American?hamburgers?to?Hawaiian?shave?ice?drinks.Except?for?a?$7?parking?fee,the?festival?was?free.Even?so,some?people?avoided?the?food?court?prices?by?staying?away?and?having?their?own?sandwiches?and?drinks.

  People?came?from?all?over?California.One?couple?drove?down?from?San?Francisco.“This?is?our?sixth?year?here?now.We?love?it,”said?the?husband.“It’s?just?fantastic?to?be?in?the?great?outdoors,to?be?mnong?so?many?books?and?authors,and?to?get?some?very?good?deals,too.”

  The?idea?for?the?festival?occurred?years?ago,but?nobody?knew?if?it?would?succeed.Although?book?festivals?were?already?popular?in?other?US?cities,would?Los?Angeles?residents?welcome?one?“The?citizens?of?the?city?are?very?unpredictable,”said?one?of?the?festival?founders.

  44.The?underlined?sentence?in?the?first?paragraph?implies?that____.

  A.city?libraries?have?a?very?limited?number?of?readers

  B.only?a?small?proportion?of?the?readers?go?to?libraries?by?car

  C.city?libraries?provide?fewer?places?for?Car?washes

  D.city?libraries?have?fewer?parking?places

  45.The?outdoor?book?festival?attracts____.

  A.autograph?seekers?and?authors?only

  B.people?with?different?interests

  C.people?who?love?Los?Angeles

  D.people?who?like?cooking

  46.At?the?very?beginning,people?were____?about?the?idea?for?the?book?festival?in?Los?Angeles.

  A.confident????B.pessimistic

  C.uncertain????D.indifferent

  47.The?success?of?Los?Angeles?book?festival?shows?that____.

  A.book?reading?is?still?popular?in?Los?Angeles

  B.Los?Angeles?people?prefer?library?to?book?festival

  C.people?attend?the?book?festivals?for?fun?not?for?reading

  D.libraries?should?have?food?courts?to?attract?more?readers

  Passage?Four

  Have?you?ever?been?afraid?to?talk?back?when?you?were?treated?unfairly??Have?you?ever?bought?something?just?because?the?salesman?talked?you?into?it??Are?you?afraid?to?ask?someone?for?a?date?

  Many?people?are?afraid?to?assert?themselves(坚持己见).Dr.Robert?Alberti,author?of?Stand?Up,?Speak?Out,and?Talk?Back,?thinks?it’s?because?of?their?lack?of?confidence.“Our?structure?of?organization?tends?to?make?people?distrust?themselves.”says?Alberti.“There’s?always?a‘superior’around-a?parent,a?teacher,a?boss-who‘knows?better’.These‘superiors’often?gain?when?they?keep?breaking?at?your?self-image.”

  But?Alberti?and?other?scientists?are?doing?something?to?help?people?assert?themselves.They?offer“assertiveness?training”courses-AT?for?short.In?the?AT?course?people?learn?that?they?have?a?right?to?be?themselves.They?learn?to?speak?out?and?feel?good?about?doing?so.They?learn?to?be?aggressive?without?hurting?people.

  In?one?way,?learning?to?speak?out?is?to?overcome?fear.A?group?taking?an?AT?course?will?help?the?shy?person?to?lose?his?fear.But?AT?uses?an?even?stronger?motive-the?need?to?share.The?shy?person?speaks?out?in?the?group?because?he?wants?to?tell?how?he?feels.

  Whether?or?not?you?speak?up?for?yourself?depends?on?your?self-image.If?someone?you?face?is?more“important”than?you,you?may?feel?less?of?a?person.You?start?to?doubt?your?own?good?sense.You?go?by?the?other?person’?s?label.But,why?should?you?AT?says?you?can?get?to?feel?good?about?yourself.And?once?you?do,you?can?learn?to?speak?out.

  48.People?are?reluctant?to?talk?back?because____.

  A.they?have?a?poor?self-image

  B.they?have?not?received?AT?courses

  C.they?have?not?grasped?communication?skills

  D.they?are?not?generous?enough?to?share?things

  49.According?to?Dr.Alberti,?our?organization?is?constructed?to____.

  A.get?people?to?trust?their?own?solutions?to?problems

  B.keep?people?as?knowledgeable?as?their“superiors”

  C.train?people’?s?capacity?to?speak?up?for?their?rights

  D.make?things?more?favorable?for“superiors”

  50.One?of?the?objectives?of?AT?courses?is?to____.

  A.train?people?to?trust?others

  B.encourage?people?to?share?their?thoughts

  C.tell?people?of?their?right?to?be“superiors”

  D.help?people?overcome?their?fear?of?asserting?themselves

  51.Which?of?the?following?would?be?the?best?title?for?the?passage?

  A.Protect?Yourself????B.Try?to?Speak?Out

  C.Share?Your?Opinion????D.Face?Your?Superior

  Passage?Five

  A?wind?tunnel?is?used?for?testing?planes?or?plane?models.In?a?wind?tunnel?air?is?blown?over?a?plane?ora?model?placed?in?a?test?section.Wind?tunnel?test?sections?are?different?in?size?depending?on?airflow?speed?requirements.Some?low-speed?tunnels?have?test?sections?large?enough?for?a?complete?small?plane.In?the?very?high?speed?tunnels?used?for?space?testing,however,the?model?may?be?as?small?as?a?pencil.

  There?are?two?ways?of?feeding?air?to?the?test?section.In?the?constant?flow?tunnel,airflow?produced?by?electric?fans?is?forced?through?the?tunnel?to?the?test?section,then?through?another?tunnel?section?back?to?the?starting?point?for?reuse.The?other?way?involves?storing?high-pressure?air?in?a?box,sending?it?out?by?a?controlling?device?to?pass?through?the?tunnel?and?test?section?into?another?box.This?way?is?usually?used?for?a?very?short?period?of?high-speed?airflow.

  Wind?tunnels?are?usually?used?to?test?planes?before?they?are?flown.Problems?in?a?plane?carl?be?found?when?it?meets?the?high-speed?airflow?in?the?tunnel.For?example,if?the?wings?are?built?so?that?they?would?weaken?at?high?speeds,this?fact?can?be?discovered?in?the?tunnel,thus?saving?many?lives?and?millions?of?dollars.

  In?a?wind?tunnel,scientists?also?find?out?how?different?planes?will?act?at?different?speeds.They?find?out?such?things?as?how?the?air?dives?by?the?wing?surfaces,how?slowly?a?plane?can?fly?before?it?starts?to?drop,and?howfastit?can?climb.

  52.Some?wind?tunnel?sections?are?larger?than?others?because____.

  A.they?are?used?for?large?planes????????????????B.they?can?produce?a?stronger?wind

  C.they?are?built?to?conduct?a?high-speed?test????D.the?air?in?them?flows?at?a?lower?speed

  53.The?underlined?words“this?fact”in?Paragraph?3?refer?to?the?fact?that____.

  A.it?costs?a?lot?to?test?a?plane

  B.the?wings?are?not?good?enough

  C.some?problems?are?found?with?a?plane

  D.the?wings?meet?the?high-speed?air?flow?in?the?tunnel

  54.As?mentioned?in?the?last?paragraph,a?wind?tunnel?can?be?used?to?find?out____.

  A.how?fast?a?plane?can?rise????B.how?smooth?a?plane’s?surface?is

  C.how?a?plane?lands?in?a?strong?wind????D.how?a?plane?drops?at?a?low?height

  55.What?can?we?learn?from?the?passage?

  A.It?is?very?expensive?to?build?a?wind?tunnel.

  B.Wind?tunnels?are?very?essential?in?testing?planes.

  C.Scientists?still?have?a?lot?to?learn?about?wind?tunnels.

  D.There?are?new?ways?to?feed?air?to?the?test?section.

对话(P143-164)

补全对话的部分要求考生在理解对话内容的基础上,运用所学的日常会话的句型和对话从所给的8个选项中选出5个补全空缺的部分。空缺共5句,每句3分,共15分。要答好这部分题,不仅要求考生熟悉英语日常生活交际用语,还要对话的场景以及上下句的关联度。这部分考试内容不涉及单词拼写,只是就已知信息进行判断,并且所给的信息只是简单的日常会话,极少出现生词。所以在这个题上不应该出现丢分现象。

一、复习内容

详见教材(P143-162)

第一节?日常用语(P142-154)

第二节?场景(P154-164)

二、解题步骤

一)通读对话,了解已知与未知

二)综合进行逻辑推理判断,预测空缺的部分

三)通读补全了的对话,检验答案是否正确。

三、注意事项

一)注意会话的场景。

二)注意标点符号在判断中所起的作用。

三)综合进行逻辑推理判断,注意上下文的连接和相应的逻辑关系。

?

V.Daily?Conversation(15?points)

  Directions:Pick?out?appropriate?expressions?from?the?eight?choices?below?and?complete?the?following?dialogues?by?blackening?the?corresponding?letter?on?the?Answer?Sheet.

  A.I?miss?you,too?????????B.It’?a?nice

  C.Oh,come?on??????????????D.for?the?world

  E.Sounds?as?if?????????????F.in?the?world

  G.To?tell?you?the?truth????H.I?can’?t?wait

  John:Hi,Kim.I?haven’t?seen?you?for?ages.How?are?you?

  Kim:I’m?fine.thanks.I?moved?house?recently,so?I’ve?been?very?busy.

  John:56____?you?need?a?rest!?Listen,I’m?having?a?Halloween?party?on?Saturday?night.Would?you?like?to?come?

  Kim:It's?very?good?of?you?to?ask?me.but?I’m?too?busy.I?still?have?a?lot?to?do?in?the?house.

  John:57???!Everybody?needs?a?break?now?and?then.

  Kim:Yes,you?are?right.58____,I’m?geeing?a?bit?fed?up?with?it!?When?does?your?party?start?

  John:Around?8:00’clock?in?the?evening.

  Kim:Sounds?great!?59____.

  John:OK!?I'll?see?you?on?Saturday,then.

  Kim:I?wouldn’t?miss?it?60____!

  VI.Writing?(25?points)

  Directions:For?this?part,you?are?supposed?to?write?an?essay?in?English?

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